Oxygen first aid can greatly improve the chances of making a full recovery for divers with decompression illness, shock or drowning. The DAN Oxygen Provider course provides entry-level training on recognising and managing possible diving-related injuries using emergency oxygen first aid effectively.
Providing oxygen first aid to non-breathing divers is challenging. A pocket mask is excellent for an emergency, but it becomes very tiring when the rescuer is alone or when the resuscitation is prolonged. It also only provides about 40% oxygen because the rescuer uses their own exhaled breath through the pocket mask to support the injured diver’s breathing. This advanced-level programme offers existing DAN Oxygen Providers the necessary additional training to to use the MTV-100 (a pressure limited, flow-restricted rescuscitator) and a bag valve mask for assisting non-breathing injured divers.
Although serious hazardous marine life injuries are fairly rare, most divers experience minor injuries and stings from marine creatures sooner or later. This course teaches divers to prevent, treat and minimise the long-term effects of these injuries and how to reduce discomfort, pain and the chances of infection.
According to DAN’s dive accident and fatality statistics, more than 40% of all dive fatalities are caused by underlying cardiovascular disease precipitating cardiac arrest and / or drowning. . Although CPR is able to maintain baseline levels of oxygen and circulation to the heart and brain for a short period of time, it is rarely successful in restoring life unless it is followed promptly by electrical defibrillation. This course teaches divers and other interested parties, how to provide care for sudden cardiac arrest, including the use of an easy to use automated external defibrillator (AED).
The DAN Basic Life Support (BLS) course addresses the prevention and management of cardiac and respiratory arrest. Coronary artery disease, external bleeding, choking and shock can all lead to severe circulatory and respiratory problems or death. The DAN BLS course prepares you to react appropriately when someone’s life is at risk.
The DAN First Aid course is designed to be run concurrently with BLS training. However, it can also be presented as a stand-alone programme for those with current BLS training (i.e., to meet international resuscitation training standards). The course includes first aid training for other injuries and situations such as cuts, fractures, sprains, burns stings, etc. These may not necessarily be life-threatening, but they are certainly common and troublesome and can ruin any dive trip or vacation. Knowing what to do when accidents happens inspires confidence in the rescuer and the person in need of assistance. The skills also translate to daily life situations. Recently DAN acquired Department of Labor accreditation so that it also meets the South African Labor Law requirements for First Aid training in the workplace.
Although a small proportion of diving accidents are indeed life-threatening, many display evidence of damage to the brain and nervous system. By knowing which injuries involve the nervous system, emergency services can better determine when immediate evacuation and recompression are essential. This is particularly important when injuries occur in remote locations and medical facilities are many hours away by road or boat or may even require airlifting to another country. By learning how to conduct a neurological assessment on an injured diver, this course equips divers to partner with DAN and the emergency service providers: It allows you to serve as the eyes and hands of a diving medical specialist talking to you over the phone – possibly even from another country. Injured divers often ignore or deny neurological problems like memory loss or weakness because they are not painful. Therefore, demonstrating these problems during a neurological examination may be the only way to convince an injured diver that they are in need of treatment. We want to encourage all DAN members and divers to undergo this training.
Most divers find the health and physiological aspects of diving quite fascinating. This is true, not only because the additional knowledge and skills are helpful when things go wrong, but also because it gives us greater appreciation for how our body works under these unique circumstances. Many divers who undergo DAN training eventually become so interested that they end up doing all the DAN first aid courses and then ask us what else they can do or learn. This three-part course is DAN’s response to that need: it provides more in-depth training and information on diving physiology and first aid. Divers love it!
This programme is a conveniently packaged version of several of the most popular DAN first aid courses:
- Oxygen First Aid for Scuba Diving Injuries
- Advanced Oxygen First Aid for Scuba Diving Injuries
- Automated External Defibrillators (AED) for Scuba Diving
- First Aid for Hazardous Marine Life Injuries
DAN's recognition program for divers who are interested in dive safety.
To become a DAN instructor you must complete the Instructor Qualification Course (IQC). Instructor candidates will complete a core module that offers more information about DAN and explains how to teach DAN programmes. Candidates will then complete the course module for each DAN training programme they are interested in teaching.
This programme teaches scuba diving instructor trainers to teach the DAN Instructor Qualification Course to train DAN instructors. Only DAN staff members are allowed to present this programme.